images on this page are taken from a c. 1917 USGS topographic map.
The full map is available in the Local History room of the Falls
Church Public Library (call # VaC/CA/1917/ L.002).
The detail immediately below shows
the Burke's Spring Branch watershed and a bit of the surrounding
area. Haycock Road runs along the bottom of the map, with Great
Falls St. on the left, Westmoreland on the right, and Kirby near
the top. You can see the "run" part of a label for Pimmit
Run just above the line indicating the stream. The Dye/Burke
house is at the center of the map, near the bottom; parallel
dashed lines trace its dirt driveway, which, until the houses at
the end of Montour were built in the 1970s, connected to Haycock
Rd. The western fork of Burke's Spring Branch is visible just to
the left of the house. Burke's Spring
itself is not depicted, but note that the stream is drawn as intermittent
(interrupted line) above the point where the flow from the spring
joins the channel, and perennial (solid line) below. The eastern
fork is also depicted as intermittent in its uppermost reaches,
and perennial for the majority of its length.
This map also offers insight into
the fate of older houses in the watershed. There are 14 houses pictured
below (one is slightly hidden by the 3 of the 392 toward the bottom
of the map). Three of them, the Dye/Burke house, the Smith/Walker
house (almost directly across Great Falls St. from the Dye/Burke
House), and one of the Kirby homesteads (upper right, just above
the 319) were built before the Civil War, and show up on maps of
that era. The others were built in the late 19th or early 20th century.
Of the pre-Civil-War houses, only one, the c. 1808 Dye/Burke house,
is still standing, and it is threatened by the Winchester Homes
development. Of the 9 late 19th/early 20th century houses, 6 are
still standing, and one, the c. 1910 McConvey house, is threatened
by the Winchester development.
The next image shows the Burke's Spring
Branch watershed in a larger context. To the west of the Haycock/Longfellow
block, you can see the original paths of Thrift's Spring Branch,
Darne's Spring Branch, and Bridge Branch, Pimmit Run tributaries
which have been severely impacted by the construction of highways,
houses, and the Metro, and are now mostly carried in underground
pipes and concrete culverts. Darrell Branch, the Pimmit Run tributary
visible to the east, is also piped for a considerable portion of
its length, though parts are still above ground. Just south of the
Haycock/Longfellow block, you can see the beginnings of tributaries
of Four Mile Run, the major stream to the south of Pimmit Run. Some
of this land may now drain into Burke's Spring Branch and Pimmit
Run through the stormwater channels that run under Haycock Rd. At
the very bottom of the image, you can see the Washington & Old
Dominion railroad, now the W&OD trail.